Instruction

Welcome to the Instructional Resources page!

Integrated education and training (IET) is the concurrent integration of academic skills, workforce readiness activities, and occupational training. Within IET, the adult education program offers standards-aligned instruction that is contextualized to the target industry as learners engage in occupational training with a training partner.

Meeting the Requirements for Integration

On this page you will find instructional resources for all academic skill levels:

  • Links to adult education instructional standards,
  • Technical assistance and observation tools for using the standards,
  • Guidance on Universal Design for Learning principles,
  • Workforce Preparation resources,
  • Occupational Training resources, and
  • The Pathways Curriculum, fully downloadable curricula which feature soft skills and employability skills integrated with literacy- and numeracy-focused lessons and resources, aimed at the second- through fourth-grade reading levels. 


Instructional Resources

Below are some resources to support successful integration of content and skills into a unified competency list.

The Virginia Adult Learning Resource Center

The VALRC provides adult education and literacy resources, publications, and training for adult education practitioners in Virginia. On this page you will find resources for career pathways, ESOL, Civics, standards-based instruction, numeracy, reading, writing, and technology skills instruction. 

Our Mission: To equip the field of adult education and literacy with essential skills and resources by delivering innovative and effective training, publications, curriculum design, and program development.

Our Vision: That the field of adult education and literacy will have the best available tools and training to help adult learners build a better future.

Adult Education Instructional Standards

College and Career Readiness Standards (CCRS), 2013 

English Language Proficiency Standards (ELPS), 2016 

VALRC Standards-Based Instructional Technical Assistance

This page includes links to Virginia’s adult education standards, the College and Career Readiness Standards for Adult Education and our Adult Education Content Standards for English for Speakers of Other Languages Instruction, along with supplemental documents and resources such as activity ideas for teaching the ESOL standards and CCRS classroom observation tools.

CAST Universal Design for Learning Guidelines

The UDL Guidelines are a tool used in the implementation of Universal Design for Learning, a framework to improve and optimize teaching and learning for all people based on scientific insights into how humans learn. The UDL Guidelines can be used by educators, curriculum developers, researchers, parents, and anyone else who wants to implement the UDL framework in a learning environment. These guidelines offer a set of concrete suggestions that can be applied to any discipline or domain to ensure that all learners can access and participate in meaningful, challenging learning opportunities.

The Virginia Education Wizard

Explore the Virginia Education Wizard’s Workforce page for work skills, aptitude, and interest assessments; resources for building technical and soft skills; resume and interviewing practice; and local career resources. The site also includes resources for job searching and locating occupational training opportunities. Learners can set up an account to keep track of their assessments, resources, and progress. 


Workforce Preparation Activities

Workplace Skills for the Commonwealth: Virginia’s Career and Technical Education provide research and curricular resources for workforce preparation: 

National College Transition Network: Integrating Career Awareness into the ABE & ESOL Classroom: Curriculum Guide and Modifiable Handouts 

The Integrating Career Awareness into the ABE & ESOL Classroom curriculum is a ready-to-use, flexible curriculum that prepares adult educators to incorporate career awareness and planning into their instructional and counseling activities. The lessons and handouts can be adapted for a range of students and skill levels.

The Penn State IET Library provides resources for building IET programs and contextualized workplace readiness curricula for adult education.

Developing Basic Skills Curricula for an IET (2017)

Basic Skills Curricular IET Lesson Plans for Healthcare and Manufacturing industries

Employability Skills Framework from OCTAE

Successful careers are built on solid personal and interpersonal skills. Defining, measuring, and building these skills— even naming them— can be challenging. In an effort to leverage and connect the efforts of policy makers, educators, and employers, the U.S. Department of Education compiled the Employability Skills Framework and developed related tools, media and resources.


Occupational Training Resources

CollectEDNY CUNY Career Kits

The NYSED/CUNY CareerKit project is a comprehensive career preparation resource for adult literacy and ESOL programs from New York State. It provides lessons teachers and counselors can use with students to explore careers while at the same time practicing literacy and numeracy skills. This site contains selected activities from the CareerKits, provides supplementary materials for use with CareerKit activities and lends support to the field to implement career pathways into adult basic education, high school equivalency preparation, and ESOL instruction.

Kentucky Career Clusters Lesson Plans

The Kentucky Skills U Lesson Bank is a repository of standards-based units and lessons created by Kentucky Skills U instructors.

Preparing English Learners for Work and Career Pathways

This resource from LINCS provides teachers and administrators with instructional tools, strategies, and resources that support career-focused, contextualized English language acquisition instruction.

LINCS Adult Education and Literacy Career Pathways Resource Collection

To customize your search in this collection, on the left-side column, click “Career Pathways” under Topic Area, then scroll down and under Resource Type, click on “Instructional Material.”


The Pathways Curriculum

The Pathways Curriculum introduces essential foundational soft skills that employers expect of all employees, even those at the entry level, regardless of literacy skills. Pathways targets adult learners who read at the 2nd-4th grade equivalency level, or who are transitioning into grade equivalent 5. Lessons adhere to the college career readiness standards, and activities include reading, writing, speaking, listening, numeracy, and digital literacy practice in context of the workplace. Each unit of this curriculum may take from 6 to 8 weeks to complete.

To access the curriculum, which includes instructions for teachers and students, click on the following links. All documents are downloadable for printing.

Unit One: Communication in the Workplace

Unit Two: Safety in the Workplace

Additional Instructional & Employment Resources

This page offers instructional and employment resources for teachers who work with low literate adult students who seek to improve their employment skills, as well as their literacy skills. Some lessons might have to be modified.

About the curriculum

This curriculum has been adapted from Skills to Pay the Bills: Mastering Soft Skills for Workplace Success, which was developed by ODEP (Office of Disability Employment Policy, U.S. Department of Labor) and focuses on teaching “soft” or workforce readiness skills to youth, including youth with disabilities.

Our modifications place an adult focus on the curriculum, with the assumption that the majority of adults 18 years and older already have some work experience. We have also incorporated best practices in teaching reading and writing for adults who read at grade equivalency levels 2 to 4, transitioning into 5.

Additional reading, writing, numeracy, and digital literacy practice, activities, and videos are included, as well as podcasts that help low literacy adults read more complex text independently and/or work on improving their fluency.

Note: Unit 2: Safety in the Workplace, was not part of the Skills to Pay the Bills curriculum.

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