What is Integrated Education and Training (IET)?

IET is adult education and literacy, workforce preparation, and occupational training, “each of sufficient intensity and quality, and based on the most rigorous research available, especially with respect to improving reading, writing, mathematics, and English proficiency of eligible individuals” that “occur simultaneously,” “use occupationally relevant instructional materials,” and are “organized to function cooperatively” within “a single set of learning outcomes” (34 CFR §463.37). IET represents a wide spectrum of services to build foundational, employability, and occupational skills.

(Integrated Education and Training: Model Programs for Building Career Pathways for Participants at Every Skill Level, CLASP, 2017)

Watch the IET Technical Assistance Kick-off Video for more information.

Integrated English Language and Civics Education (IELCE)

Integrated English literacy and civics education, or IELCE, is defined in WIOA as education services provided to English language learners who are adults, including professionals with degrees and credentials in their native countries, that enable such adults to achieve competency in the English language and acquire the basic and more advanced skills needed to function effectively as parents, workers, and citizens in the United States. Such services shall include instruction in literacy and English language acquisition, the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and civic participation, and may include workforce training.

IELCE is used in two distinct ways: it may be provided as an activity under Section 231, or it may also be implemented as a program under Section 243 with funds allocated as described in Section 243.

Read the OCTAE State Directors Memo on IELCE frequently asked questions.

See the LINCS IELCE Program Guide document for IELCE planning support.

sector strategies

“Sector strategies are partnerships of employers within one industry that bring government, education, training, economic development, labor, and community organizations together to focus on the workforce needs of an industry within a regional labor market. At the state level, they are policies and investments that support the development of local sector partnerships. Sector strategies can do the following:

  • address current and emerging skills gaps;
  • provide a means to engage directly with industry across traditional boundaries; and
  • better align state programs and resources serving employers and workers.”

Source: National Governor’s Association

For more information, visit the Sector Strategies and Career Pathways Academy.

Career pathways

“We define our career pathways system as a ‘series of connected education and training programs and support services that enable individuals to secure employment within a specific industry or occupational sector and to advance over time to successively higher levels of education or employment in that sector. Each step of a career pathway is designed explicitly to prepare for the next level of employment and education.'”

Source: Virginia Career Pathways Work Group

Career pathways should

  • be employer-defined and built in the context of industry sector partnerships;
  • prioritize applied work-based learning (e.g., OJT, apprenticeships, internships, etc.);
  • offer integrated – not sequential – foundational and technical education;
  • accelerate acquisition of experience and skills and career advancement;
  • feature easily navigable transition points between “levels” (adult education program to post-secondary institution) and multiple on- and off-ramps.

Access the Career Pathways Toolkit: A Guide for System Development, from the Department of Labor, for more information.

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