IET Glossary

IET Glossary

What is IET?

IET is adult education and literacy, workforce preparation, and occupational training, “each of sufficient intensity and quality, and based on the most rigorous research available, especially with respect to improving reading, writing, mathematics, and English proficiency of eligible individuals” that “occur simultaneously,” “use occupationally relevant instructional materials,” and are “organized to function cooperatively” within “a single set of learning outcomes” (34 CFR §463.37). IET represents a wide spectrum of services to build foundational, employability, and occupational skills.

(Integrated Education and Training: Model Programs for Building Career Pathways for Participants at Every Skill Level, CLASP, 2017)

The following definitions come from the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), U.S. Department of Labor

Integrated Education and Training (IET)

A service approach that provides adult education and literacy activities concurrently and contextually with workforce preparation activities and workforce training for a specific occupation or occupational cluster for the purpose of educational and career advancement. As a part of a career pathway, the design of an IET program should support the local workforce development board plans. The IET program must include three components:

  • adult education and literacy activities
  • workforce preparation activities
  • workforce training for a specific occupation or occupational cluster

In order to meet the required three components, services must be provided concurrently and contextually such that

  • within the overall scope of a particular integrated education and training program, the adult education and literacy activities, workforce preparation activities, and workforce training:
    1. are each of sufficient intensity and quality, and based on the most rigorous research available, particularly with respect to improving reading, writing, mathematics, and English proficiency of eligible individuals;
    2. occur simultaneously; and
    3. use occupationally relevant instructional materials.
  • the integrated education and training program has a single set of learning objectives that identifies specific adult education content, workforce preparation activities, and workforce training competencies, and the program activities are organized to function cooperatively.

A provider meets the requirement that the integrated education and training program provided is for the purpose of educational and career advancement if:

  • the adult education component of the program is aligned with the College and Career Readiness Standards for adult education as described in the Combined State Plan and
  • the integrated education and training program is part of a career pathway.
  • Recognized postsecondary credential — A recognized postsecondary credential is defined as a credential consisting of an industry recognized certificate or certification, a certificate of completion of an apprenticeship, a license recognized by the State involved or Federal government, or an associate or baccalaureate degree, as well as graduate degrees for purposes of the Vocational Rehabilitation program as required by section 103(a)(5) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended by title IV of WIOA. A recognized postsecondary credential is awarded in recognition of an individual’s attainment of measurable technical or industry/occupational skills necessary to obtain employment or advance within an industry/occupation. These technical or industry/occupational skills generally are based on standards developed or endorsed by employers or industry associations. Certificates awarded by workforce development boards (WDBs) and work readiness certificates are not included in this definition because neither type of certificate is recognized industry-wide nor documents the measurable technical or industry/occupational skills necessary to gain employment or advance within an occupation.

Career pathway A combination of rigorous and high-quality education, training, and other services that

  • aligns with the skill needs of industries in the economy of the state or regional economy involved;
  • prepares an individual to be successful in any of a full range of secondary or postsecondary education options, including apprenticeships registered under the Act of August 16, 1937, (commonly known as the “National Apprenticeship Act;” 50 Stat. 664, chapter 663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.) (referred to individually in this Act as an “apprenticeship,” except in section 3226 of this title);
  • includes counseling to support an individual in achieving the individual’s education and career goals;
  • includes, as appropriate, education offered concurrently with and in the same context as workforce preparation activities and training for a specific occupation or occupational cluster;
  • organizes education, training, and other services to meet the particular needs of an individual in a manner that accelerates the educational and career advancement of the individual to the extent practicable;
  • enables an individual to attain a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent, and at least one recognized postsecondary credential; and
  • helps an individual enter or advance within a specific occupation or occupational cluster.

See technical assistance resources. Concurrent enrollment or co-enrollment — refers to enrollment by an eligible individual in two or more of the six core programs administered under the Act. Adult education and literacy activities Programs, activities, and services that include:

(a) adult education;

(b) literacy;

(c) workplace adult education and literacy activities;

(d) family literacy activities;

(e) English language acquisition activities;

(f)   integrated English literacy and civics education;

(g) workforce preparation activities; or

(h) integrated education and training.

Workforce preparation activitiesActivities, programs, or services designed to help an individual acquire a combination of basic academic skills, critical-thinking skills, digital literacy skills, and self-management skills, including competencies in utilizing resources, using information, working with others, understanding systems, and skills necessary for successful transition into and completion of postsecondary education or training, or employment, and other employability skills that increase an individual’s preparation for the workforce. See technical assistance resources. Workforce trainingAEFLA funds may only be used for training when that training is offered as a component of an approved IET (see definition above). Services may include:

  1. occupational skills training, including training for nontraditional employment;
  2. on-the-job training;
  3. incumbent worker training (see definition);
  4. programs that combine workplace training with related instruction, which may include cooperative education programs;
  5. training programs operated by the private sector;
  6. skill upgrading and retraining;
  7. entrepreneurial training;
  8. transitional jobs;
  9. job readiness training provided in combination with services described in any of the items 1-8 above;
  10. adult education and literacy activities, including activities of English language acquisition and integrated education and training programs, provided concurrently or in combination with services described in 1-7 above; and
  11. customized training conducted with a commitment by an employer or group of employers to employ an individual upon successful completion of the training.

Integrated English Language and Civics Education (IELCE)

Integrated English literacy and civics education, or IELCE, is defined in WIOA as education services provided to English language learners who are adults, including professionals with degrees and credentials in their native countries, that enable such adults to achieve competency in the English language and acquire the basic and more advanced skills needed to function effectively as parents, workers, and citizens in the United States. Such services shall include instruction in literacy and English language acquisition, the rights and responsibilities of citizenship and civic participation, and may include workforce training. IELCE is used in two distinct ways: it may be provided as an activity under Section 231, or it may also be implemented as a program under Section 243 with funds allocated as described in Section 243.

Read the OCTAE State Directors Memo on IELCE frequently asked questions.

See the LINCS IELCE Program Guide document for IELCE planning support.  

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